Dietary restriction (DR) is known to be the most powerful intervention to delay aging across species. However, recent studies from our lab indicate that DR is less effective at improving the function of stem cells when begun later in life. We have initiated a new line of research aiming to identify genetic, epigenetic, or dietary interventions to boost the ability of DR to induce health benefits when started at an advanced age.
In a second focus of our work, we are investigating aging-associated changes in metabolism in stem cells and organs. Our work has identified an age-dependent decline in fat metabolism in the liver. We have discovered a dietary intervention that has the potential to reactivate fat metabolism in the livers of aged mice. Translational research and a human pilot trial are being planned. We envision that this newly discovered dietary intervention could be used to treat non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) – one of the most frequent metabolic diseases in aging humans.
From a translational point of view, these findings are of great importance, since dietary interventions are currently regarded as one of the most realistic therapeutic approaches to combat aging. Our data provide new evidence that metabolism changes with aging and that it is possible to reprogram metabolism to a more youthful state through late life dietary interventions.
Another line of research in our lab focuses on the question whether growth and metabolism at an early age influence the aging trajectories of stem cells and metabolic aging in later life. Our work provides experimental evidence that growth signaling and metabolic activity during development and early adulthood influence key aging phenotypes of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), such as the expansion of myeloid-biased HSCs.
We aim to mechanistically understand how early life stress (such as metabolic activity as well as growth factor signaling or inflammatory signaling) creates a memory in stem cells and tissues. We analyze how this memory in turn influences aging, and how genetics or dietary intervention can reverse such effects of cell and tissue memory to ameliorate the aging process.
|Karl Lenhard Rudolph||+49 3641 656818||Group Leader|
|Friedrich Becker||+49 3641 656844||Postdoc|
|Yulin Chen||+49 3641 656844||Postdoc|
|Thomas André||---||Doctoral Candidate|
|Nino Geisler||---||Doctoral Candidate|
|Louis Charles Nabineau||+49 3641 656844||Doctoral Candidate|
|Melanie Kettering||+49 3641 656814||Research Engineer|
|Imaz Khalid||---||Master Student|
|Zihan Liu||---||Master Student|
|Anjalika Malik||---||Master Student|
* incomplete due to Data protection